Gnats: Identification, Facts and Control
Gnat is the arbitrary name for various winged, small insects that are part of the fly family. They are also occasionally called midges, flies and no-see-ums. Despite common thought, these miniature flying insects are fully grown adults, not "insects". The miniature flying insects that a lot of people term as "gnats'' might essentially be fungus gnats or fruit flies. Gnats can vary in terms of whether they bite or do not bite; this is dependent on the species. They usually either feed on other insects, blood or plants. Males of these species collect in swarms for mating, which are called ghosts. They are commonly visible at dusk and above streets and large swathes of fields.
Gnat eggs are normally laid on water or land, depending on the species. Their larvae may be stationary or trapped in by water plants and rocks, making them unable to move. Adults vary in terms of size - the range is one to three millimeters. The adult and larva stages of the gnat have both positive and negative aspects. Some species are good when it comes to pollination. They also help in eliminating crop pests, including scales and aphids. The negative aspects include the fact that some gnats are known to be crop pests, for instance the Hessian fly.
The females of some gnat species have been known to feed on blood. Examples include the black fly and the black gnat. They usually play hosts to parasites. On top of that, they are causative agents of human and livestock diseases. Gnat populations spread river blindness, and in response to this, various programs have been initiated all around the world to limit their populations.
It is of paramount importance to keep in mind that the miniature size of the gnat should not be underestimated, due to the fact that they are harmful pests. They reproduce fast and whole swarms have been known to populate vast areas. As a result, home owners are faced with gnat problems. A lot of gnat species are potential pests. They become destructive to materials where they lay their eggs. The damage is mostly caused during the feeding phase of the larvae.
Fungus Gnats in House Plants: Fungus gnats are fond of over-watered plant soil, as this is where they lay their eggs. Immature gnats feed on organic material that is decomposing. This is once the said gnats hatch. The fungus which grows in over-watered soil makes perfect fodder for the gnats. The parts of the plant that bear the brunt of the gnat attack include stems, leaves and roots. Small plants are particularly heavily affected by the attack. However, large plants that are unhealthy or met with a large gnat population can fall prey to the attack. Ornamental and edible plants are protected from destruction by growers, who use various methods to ensure that the plants are protected.
Fruit flies lay eggs in fermenting and over-ripe fruit. They usually fly near fruits, due to the fact that they are drawn in by the moisture and smell of organic, decaying material. The fermenting fruit act as grounds on which the females lay their eggs. When the larvae hatch, they are nourished by the fruit. Illness can result due to eating fruit containing larvae or fruit fly eggs.
The most effective way of controlling a lot of gnats, some of which include fungus gnats, is to pick out any plants having wet soil and let it dry totally before you water them during the next session. This will eliminate the larval stages in the soil. Removal by vacuum cleaner is a good way to get rid of adult gnats that are found on windows and the area surrounding plants.
In the case of some gnat species, locating and correction of food sources is imperative. Do not expose fruit to open air. Fruit should kept refrigerated so that its ripeness period is lengthened. This also protects it from gnats. Another point to keep in mind is to only water plants when it is absolutely necessary. Make an appointment to have a pest control inspection scheduled in the event that you experience difficulties getting rid of gnats.
Other Means of Getting Rid of Gnats
If you already have difficulties and have an infestation, you can use various commercial products to deal with the problem. For singular insects, fly swatters are a good resource. A couple of sprays and pesticides are safe to use in an online environment. It is however important to note that the assistance of a pest-control professional may be needed in order to positively identify insects. Please exercise caution when using pesticides: they may turn out to be detrimental to the health of pets and humans.
You can also use electrical devices that electrocute individual gnats in an outdoor setting. Inside, traps hooked up to electrical outlets that emit ultraviolet light control gnat populations effectively. This is due to the fact that this light attracts the gnats, that in turn get caught by the sticky trap surface when they come near to it.
However, when all else fails, then it's time to call on the services of Dubai's premier pest control company. Flies be gone is part of their service message, and they make it easy for you to get rid of flies. Akkad Pest Control knows that flies in Dubai is a common concern, which is why they have a dedicated fly control service that is sure to rid you of your flies in house problem. Give them a call today for exceptional pest-control services.